Es gibt im Englischen drei verschiedene Erzählarten.
Third-person omniscient narrator:
This type of narrator tells the story from the outside but knows about the characters` thoughts and feelings as well als the background of the story. Sometimes he even comments on the story or the characters` behaviour.
Third-person limited narrator:
This type of narrator seems to tell the story from the outside, but knows only about the feelings and thoughts of a particular character in the story. Attention: The narrator is not identical with his character , however.
This type of narrator brings you close to the feelings and thoughts of a particular character in the story because the narrator is identical with the character
You get to know only what this character knows
The first person narrator is often, but not necessarily, identical with the protagonist